Remix #13 from Game of Drones “Ghosts of Harrenhal” GoT S2E5

Sweet sleep will come fast if you sent aside your desire to understand the difference between a man named “the tickler” and a condom with the same name. Shadows and third persons and Nanotech will flood your dreams will nonsense..but you’ll be asleep.

The Links

Research from Stacy the Glittering Researcher

There is a failure to match the pace of nanotechnology with ethical consideration of its use. The ethical issues fall into the areas of equity, privacy, security, environment, and metaphysical questions concerning human–machine interactions.  The following is taken from Mnyusiwalla, 2003: ‘Mind the gap’: science and ethics in nanotechnology
Equity. Who will benefit from advances in NT? Today we
talk of the digital divide as something that is harmful and that
we should attempt to correct. We have also talked about the
emerging ‘genomics divide’ in a similar fashion [23]. This
is because we have come to understand that technology and
development are intricately linked [24], and that what at first
appears to be very ‘high-tech’ and costly and therefore perhaps
irrelevant for developing countries, in the end might come to be
of most value for those same developing countries [25]. Thus
NT, were it to develop in the way it ought, might ultimately be
of most value for the poor and sick in the developing world.
At the Johannesburg summit, the main issues for developing
countries were poverty reduction, energy, water, health, and
biodiversity. NT has the potential to make a positive impact
on all of these if its risks either do not materialize or are
appropriately managed. The poor could benefit from NT, for
example, through safer drug delivery, lower needs for energy,
cleaner energy production, and environmental remediation.
It is also possible that health could be improved by better
prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. One of the biggest
health problems in developing countries is trauma, especially
from road traffic accidents, and absence of rehabilitation
facilities [26]: better nanomaterials for making safer tyres,
or NT-based scaffolds to grow bone [27] may be extremely
important, especially if the promise of mass production at very
low cost materializes. Furthermore, if developing countries
were to see the potential of NT and became early players in the
field (see China’s increased expenditure on NT R&D; table 1),
NT might have an impact on their economic development and
obviate the need quite soon for these countries to become
net importers of NT. This is similar to what is happening in
biotechnology, a field in which countries such as India, China,
Brazil, and Cuba have already begun to invest in [28].
Privacy and security. NT is capable of dramatically
improving surveillance devices, and producing new weapons.
How would individual privacy be protected if near-invisible
microphones, cameras, and tracking devices become widely
available? Will these new technologies increase security or
add to the arsenal of bio- and techno- or even nano-terrorism?
Who will regulate the direction of research in defensive
and offensive military NT? How much transparency will be
necessary in government and private NT initiatives to avoid
misuses? There are also very interesting legal questions [29]
involving monitoring, ownership, and control of invisible
objects [17].
The next asbestos? Environmental issues. NT has already
generated novel types of matter such as fullerenes and carbon
nanotubes. Where do these and other nanomaterials go when
they enter the environment and what are their effects? This
year, the US environmental protection agency (EPA) has
added the funding of research projects that explore potential
environmental dangers of NT to its list of priorities. ‘There are
always possibilities for environmental or health harms’, said
Barbara Karn, EPA official [30].
Human or machine? Some avenues of research in NT include
the incorporation of artificial materials or machines into human
systems, as is beginning to happen with implanted computer
chips [31]. The modification of living systems is met with
great scepticism by much of society. How acceptable will
technologies such as implantable cells and sensors be for the
general population? What are its implications and what are
our limits?
A lot of the most recent nanotech stuff has centered around using it to treat cancer.  For example, from Crist et al. 2014: Common Pitfalls in Nanotechnology: Lessons Learned from NCI’s Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory
The promise of cancer nanotechnology–increased treatment efficacy with decreased toxicities and side effects–has triggered a huge interest in the field and an outpouring of research projects aimed at generating the newest and most cutting-edge therapies. Unfortunately, the science behind nanotechnology is not always as straightforward as for small molecules, and researchers are still learning more about the intricacies of nanoscience every day. The National Cancer Institute’s Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL), founded in 2004, has spent the last eight years studying nanomaterials of all types, and their related complexities, to increase understanding and educate nano-researchers worldwide in an effort towards developing better and more efficient therapies.
Another modern application of nanotechnology is in water and wastewater treatment.  For example, from Qu (2013):
Providing clean and affordable water to meet human needs is a grand challenge of the 21st
century. Worldwide, water supply struggles to keep up with the fast growing demand,
which is exacerbated by population growth, global climate change, and water quality
deterioration. The need for technological innovation to enable integrated water management
cannot be overstated. Nanotechnology holds great potential in advancing water and
wastewater treatment to improve treatment efficiency as well as to augment water supply
through safe use of unconventional water sources. Here we review recent development in
nanotechnology for water and wastewater treatment. The discussion covers candidate
nanomaterials, properties and mechanisms that enable the applications, advantages and
limitations as compared to existing processes, and barriers and research needs for
commercialization. By tracing these technological advances to the physicochemical
properties of nanomaterials, the present review outlines the opportunities and limitations
to further capitalize on these unique properties for sustainable water management.
It appears to be the case that speaking of oneself in the third person (Illeism) is not so much a sign of a mental illness as it is a rhetorical device in literature to illustrate either grandeur (the king requests an audience) or submissiveness (the slave deserves to be punished).  So I talked about a bunch of other stuff related to the third person instead.  🙂
Davison (1983) reports that the “third-person effect hypothesis” predicts that “people will tend to overestimate the influence that mass communications have on the attitudes and behavior of others.  More specifically, individuals who are members of an audience that is exposed to a persuasive communication (whether or not this communication is intended to be persuasive) will expect the communication to have a greater effect on others than on themselves.  And whether or not these individuals are among the ostensible audience for the message, the impact that they expect this communication to have on others may lead them to take some action.  Any effect that the communication achieves may thus be due not to the reaction of the ostensible audience but rather to the behavior of those who anticipate, or think they perceive, some reaction on the part of others.”
“The History of the Psychological Warfare Division, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force (Bad Homburg, Germany, 1945), tells us about Operation Huguenot – a project for undermining the efficiency of the German Air Force by suggesting that German flying personnel were deserting in their machines to the Allied side.  Planting such suggestions was not difficult.  It was known that Allied radio broadcasts were systematically monitored by the German government and that monitoring reports were distributed to all high political and military officials.  Hints about desertions from the Luftwaffe could include, for example, a ‘slip’ by an announcer indicating that a plane officially reported as shot down had in fact landed safely in England.  It could be assumed that at least some of these hints would be picked up by alert radio monitors in Berlin.  The Psychological Warfare Division history tells us:
“The dividends from this operation were expected not so much in the actual number of desertions as in the effect of the countermeasures which the German authorities would be induced to take against flying personnel… sharpening up of anti-desertion measures and instructions to field police to keep a suspicious eye on everyone – a course which would have serious effects on morale.  Also, the promotion of officers on account of reliability rather than efficiency.”
The ability to speak in the third person typically means referring to others performing actions outside the self.  This typically requires a “theory of mind”, which is “the ability to attribute mental states (beliefs, intents, desires, pretending, knowledge, etc) to oneself and others and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, and intentions that are different from one’s own” (Wikipedia).  A theory of mind is something that naturally occurs in almost all people.  As children, we come to the understanding that other people have their own unique perspectives, separate from our own.  The inability to put onesself into the shoes of another is an important warning sign of a variety of mental illnesses. Premack and Woodruff (1978) define theory of mind as the ability to impute mental states to oneself and to others.  The ability to make inferences about what other people BELIEVE to be the case in a given situation allows one to predict what they will do.  This is clearly a crucial component of social skills.  There is growing evidence for the ability to attribute mental states to others, and its development from the second year of life onwards.  The procedure for determind whether children exhibit theory of mind is in the following story.  There are two doll protagonists, Sally and Anne.  Sally first placed a marble into her basket.  Then she left the scene, and the marble was transferred by Anne and hidden in a box.  Then, when Sally returned, the experimenter asks the Critical Belief Question: “Where will Sally look for the marble?”  If the children point to the previous location of the marble, then they pass the Belief question by appreciating the doll’s now false belief.  If, however, they point to the marble’s current location, they fail the question by not taking into account the doll’s belief.  Autistic children tend to fail this question, indicating a specific cognitive deficit that is likely unrelated to general intelligence.
A substantial body of research has highlighted the evolution of ToM in nonhuman primates, its emergence during human ontogeny, and impaired ToM in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. There is good empirical evidence that ToM is specifically impaired in schizophrenia and that many psychotic symptoms—for instance, delusions of alien control and persecution, the presence of thought and language disorganization, and other behavioral symptoms—may best be understood in light of a disturbed capacity in patients to relate their own intentions to executing behavior, and to monitor others’ intentions. However, it is still under debate how an impaired ToM in schizophrenia is associated with other aspects of cognition, how the impairment fluctuates with acuity or chronicity of the schizophrenic disorder, and how this affects the patients’ use of language and social behavior. (Brune, 2005: “Theory of Mind” in Schizophrenia: A Review of the Literature)

Older “Game of Drones” episodes can be found here

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Sleep With Me is narrated by Dearest Scooter and written by Drew Ackerman

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